Born: 22 July 1912

Died: 4 February 1988

**POLS 6386 MEASUREMENT THEORY**

Spring Semester AY2002-2003

Department of Political Science

University of Houston

Houston, TX, 77204-3011

Classroom: 344 PGH

Time: 1:00PM - 4:00PM Tuesdays

Instructor: **Keith T. Poole**

Office: 441A Hoffman Hall

E-Mail: kpoole@ucsd.edu

WebSite: Voteview Home Page

- Poole, Keith T. 2003.
. Manuscript (I will hand out the chapters in class).*Spatial Models of Legislative Voting* - Coombs, Clyde. 1964.
. New York: John Wiley (Selected Chapters).*A Theory of Data* - Borg, Ingwer and Patrick Groenen. 1997.
. New York: Springer-Verlag.*Modern Multidimensional Scaling: Theory and Applications* - Gill, Jeff. 2002.
. Boca Raton, FL: Chapman & Hall/CRC.*Bayesian Methods: A Social and Behavioral Sciences Approach*

Grades will be determined by regularly assigned class problems.

First Homework Assignment

Second Homework Assignment

Third Homework Assignment

Fourth Homework Assignment

Fifth Homework Assignment

Sixth Homework Assignment

Seventh Homework Assignment

Eighth Homework Assignment

Ninth Homework Assignment

Tenth Homework Assignment

Eleventh Homework Assignment

**A Geometric Theory of Data**- Clyde Coombs' Theory of Data: Similarities and Preferential Choice
**Assignment:**

- Clyde Coombs' Theory of Data: Similarities and Preferential Choice

- Coombs, Chapter 1
- Gill, Chapter 1
- Borg and Groenen, Preface and Chapter 1
- Carroll, J. Douglas and Phipps Arabie. 1980. "Multidimensional Scaling."
M. R. Rosenzweig and L. W. Porter, eds., vol. 31, 1980.*Annual Review of Psychology.* - First Homework Assignment

- A Review of Linear Algebra
**Multidimensional Scaling: Introduction**

- What Latent Dimensions are and Why they are Important
**Assignment:**

- Borg and Groenen, Chapters 2, 3, and 4
- Poole, Chapter 1
- Gill, Chapter 2
- Weisberg, Herbert F. 1984. "Scaling Objectives and Procedures." In
Edited by Herbert Asher, Herbert F. Weisberg, John Kessel, and W. Phillips Shively.*Theory Building and Data Analysis in the Social Sciences.* - Weisberg, Herbert F. 1974. "Dimensionland: An Excursion into Spaces."
*American Journal of Political Science*, 18:743-776. - Rabinowitz, George. 1975. "An Introduction to Nonmetric Multidimensional Scaling."
*American Journal of Political Science*, 19:343-390. - Second Homework Assignment

Third Homework AssignmentR Program To Plot Eigenvalues (Illustrates Customized Axes For Plot)

Data That R Program To Plot Eigenvalues Reads (Data From OC)

Fourth Homework Assignment- An Introduction to Simple Unfolding Analysis

- Poole, Chapter 2
- Borg and Groenen, Chapters 4, 6 - 8
- Poole, Keith T. 1984. "Least Squares Metric, Unidimensional Unfolding."
*Psychometrika*, 49:311-323. - Fifth Homework AssignmentR Program To Double Center Squared Distance Matrix -- Homework 4 Example

R Program To Illustrate Eigenvector Extraction

R Program To Illustrate Two-Line Plot and Two-Line Title

R Program To Plot Shepard Gradient of Generalization from KYST Output

R Program To Plot Shepard Diagram -- D-Hats and Distances vs. Observed Data

- Issue Scales and Perceptual Data
**Assignment:**

- Aldrich, John H. and Richard D. McKelvey. 1977. "A Method of Scaling with Applications
to the 1968 and 1972 Presidential Elections."
*American Political Science Review*, 71:111-130. - Poole, Keith T. 2001. "The Relationship Between the Aldrich-McKelvey Scaling Solution
and the Individual Differences Problem." Manuscript, University of Houston.
- Sixth Homework Assignment

**Multidimensional Unfolding Analysis****Assignment:**

- Borg and Groenen, Chapters 9 - 18
- Poole, Keith T. 1997. "Non-Parametric Analysis of Binary Choice Data." Manuscript,
University of Houston.
- How The Optimal Classification (OC) Program Works.
- Poole, Chapters 3, 4, and 5
- Seventh Homework Assignment

R Program To Illustrate Effect of Correlated Dimensions on the Corresponding Singular Values

R Program To Plot Humphrey, Nixon, and Wallace Voters from 1968 Feeling Thermometer Scaling

R Program To Produce Density Plots of Yea and Nay Voters on Ending Estrada Filibuster

Epsilon Macro To Insert Party ID From ELEC2000.DAT into Aldrich-McKelvey Coordinate Output FileKEITH.DAT -- Coordinate Output File From Aldrich McKelvey Scaling Program

ELEC2000.DAT -- 2000 Election Data

See this Page for Specific Instructions on How to Run the Macro

Eighth Homework Assignment

Ninth Homework Assignment

**Why Are There So Few Dimensions?****Assignment:**

- Poole, "Changing Minds? Not in Congress!"
- Ekman, Gosta. 1954. "Dimensions of Color Vision."
*Journal of Psychology,*38:467-474. - Converse, Philip E. 1964. "The Nature of Belief Systems in Mass Publics." In David
E.Apter, ed.,
New York: Free Press.*Ideology and Discontent*. - Miller, George A. 1956. "The Magical Number Seven, Plus Minus One: Some Limits on
our Capacity for Processing Information."
*Psychological Review*, 63:81-97.

Tenth Homework Assignment

Eleventh Homework Assignment

Twelveth Homework Assignment