keith t. poole
Born, 1947, Newport, Oregon
Married, 1972, Janice K. Poole
current positionKeith T. Poole
Ph.D., Political Science, University of Rochester, 1978.
M.A., Political Science, University of Rochester, 1975.
B.S., Political Science, Portland State University, 1972.
2010-: Philip H. Alston Jr. Distinguished Chair, Department of Political Science, School of Public and International Affairs, University of Georgia
2010-: Professor Emeritus, University of California, San Diego
2005-2010: Professor of Political Science, University of California, San Diego
2003-2004: Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences
2000-2004: Kenneth L. Lay Professor of Political Science, University of Houston
1982-2000: Graduate School of Industrial Administration, Carnegie-Mellon University
1992, 1995: Visiting Professor of Political Science, Division of Humanities and Social Sciences, California Institute of Technology
1981-1982: Post-Doctoral Fellow in Political Economy, Graduate School of Industrial Administration, Carnegie-Mellon University
1978-1982: Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Oregon
Dean Thomas P. Lauth Award for Excellence in Teaching (2013)
Statistical Software Award from the Political Methodology Society for NOMINATE (2009,
Fellow of the Political Methodology Society (2009)
Duncan Black Prize 2007 for the best article by a senior scholar in Public Choice
American Academy of Arts and Sciences (elected 2006).
Warren E. Miller Prize for the best article published in Political
Analysis Volume 9, 2001.
Department of Economics Undergraduate Teaching Award for Excellence in
the Classroom, 1997.
Congressional Quarterly Prize for best paper on Congressional Politics
delivered at 1986 APSA meetings.
publications -- books
Analyzing Spatial Models of Choice and Judgment with R. Ann Arbor, MI:CRC Press,
2014 (with David A. Armstrong II, Ryan Bakker, Royce Carroll, Christopher Hare, and
Political Bubbles: Financial Crises and the Failure of American Democracy.
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2013, (With Nolan M. McCarty and Howard
Ideology and Congress.
Piscataway, NJ: Transaction Press, 2007 (With Howard Rosenthal).
Polarized America: The Dance of Ideology and Unequal Riches.
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2006 (With Nolan M. McCarty and Howard Rosenthal).
Spatial Models of Parliamentary Voting.
New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll Call Voting.
New York: Oxford University Press, 1997 (With Howard Rosenthal).
Women, Public Opinion, and Politics: The Changing Political Attitudes
of American Women. New York: Longman; 1985 (With L. Harmon Zeigler).
publications -- monographs
Income Redistribution and the Realignment of American Politics.
AEI Studies on Understanding Economic Inequality. Washington, D.C.: AEI
Press, 1997 (with Nolan M. McCarty and Howard Rosenthal).
publications -- articles
"Congressional Polarization and its Connection to Income Inequality." American Gridlock: The
Sources, Character, and Impact of Congressional Polarization, Chapter 16, pp. 357-377,
edited by James A. Thurber and Antoine Yoshinaka. New York: Cambridge University
Press, 2015 (with
Adam Bonica, Nolan McCarty, and Howard Rosenthal).
"Measuring Ideology in Congress." Handbook of Social Choice and Voting, Chapter 6.1, edited by Jac C.
Heckelman and Nicholas R. Miller. New York: Elger, forthcoming (with Christopher
Recovering a Basic Space from Issue Scales in R. Journal of Statistical Software.
(Forthcoming, with Royce Carroll, Jeffrey B. Lewis, James Lo, and Howard Rosenthal).
"Roll-Call Analysis and the Study of Legislatures." In The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies, Chapter 5,
pages 103-125, edited by Shane
Martin, Thomas Saalfeld, and Kaare W. Strom. New York: Oxford University Press, August
2014 (with Royce Carroll).
"Using Bayesian Aldrich-McKelvey Scaling to Study Citizens' Ideological Preferences
and Perceptions." American Journal of Political Science, 59(3): 759-774, 2015 (with
David A. Armstrong II, Ryan Bakker,
Royce Carroll, and Christopher Hare).
"The Polarization of Contemporary American Politics." Polity, 46:411-429, 2014 (with Christopher Hare).
"The European Common Space: Extending the use of anchoring vignettes." The Journal of Politics, Volume 76(4):1089-1101,
October 2014 (with Ryan Bakker, Seth K. Jolly, and Jonathan Polk).
"Why Hasn't Democracy Slowed Rising Inequality?" Journal of Economic Perspectives, Volume 27(3):103-124, Summer 2013 (with Adam Bonica, Nolan McCarty, and Howard Rosenthal).
"The Structure of Utility in Spatial Models of Voting." American Journal of Political Science,
Volume 57(4):1008-1028, October 2013
(with Royce Carroll, Jeffrey B. Lewis, James Lo, and Howard Rosenthal).
"Bayesian Metric Multidimensional Scaling." Political Analysis, Volume 21(1):125-140, Winter 2013
(with Ryan Bakker).
"Scaling Roll Call Votes with wnominate in R."
Journal of Statistical Software, Volume 42, 2011 (with Royce
Carroll, Jeffrey B. Lewis, and James Lo).
"A Method of Linking Surveys Using Affective Signatures with an Application to Racial/Ethnic
the U.S." In Who Gets Represented? Edited by Peter Enns and Christopher Wlezien. New York:
Russell Sage Foundation, 2011 (with Marisa Abrajano).
"Political Fortunes: On Finance and Its Regulation." Daedalus,
139-4:1-13, Fall 2010 (with Nolan M. McCarty, Thomas Romer, and Howard Rosenthal).
"Does Gerrymandering Cause Polarization?" American Journal of Political Science,
53 (July):666-680, 2009 (with Nolan M. McCarty and Howard Rosenthal).
"Measuring Bias and Uncertainty in DW-NOMINATE." Political Analysis, 17(3):261-275, 2009
(with Royce Carroll, Jeffrey B. Lewis, James Lo, and
"Comparing NOMINATE and IDEAL: Points of Difference and Monte
Carlo Tests." Legislative Studies Quarterly,34:555-592, 2009 (with Royce Carroll,
Jeffrey B. Lewis, James Lo, and
"The Roots of the Polarization of Modern U. S. Politics."
Revista de Ciencia Politica, December, 2008.
"Inferring Universals From Grammatical Variation: Multidimensional Scaling
for Typological Analysis."
Theoretical Linguistics, 34-1:1-37, 2008 (with William Croft).
"The Evolving Influence of Psychometrics in Political Science." In
Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology, edited by Jan Box-Steffensmeier,
Henry Brady, and David Collier. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
"Changing Minds? Not in Congress!" Public
Choice, 131:435-451, 2007.
"On Party Polarization in Congress."
Daedalus, 136(3):104-107, 2007 (with Howard Rosenthal).
"The Decline and Rise of Party Polarization in Congress During
the Twentieth Century." Extensions, Fall 2005.
"Measuring Bias and Uncertainty in Ideal Point Estimates via the
Parametric Bootstrap." Political Analysis, 12:105-127, 2004
(With Jeffery B. Lewis).
"Congressional Party Defection in American History." Legislative
Studies Quarterly, 29:545-568, 2004 (With Timothy P. Nokken).
"On Measuring Partisanship in Roll Call Voting:
The U.S. House of Representatives, 1877-1999."
American Journal of Political Science, 46:477-489, 2002 (With Gary W. Cox).
"The Geometry of Multidimensional Quadratic Utility in Models of
Parliamentary Roll Call Voting."
Political Analysis, 9:211-226, 2001.
"The Hunt for Party Discipline in Congress."
The American Political Science Review, 95:673-687, 2001
(With Nolan M. McCarty and Howard Rosenthal).
"D-NOMINATE After 10 Years: An Update to Congress: A Political-Economic
History of Roll Call Voting." Legislative
Studies Quarterly, 26:5-29, 2001 (With Howard Rosenthal).
"Congress and the Territorial Expansion of the United States."
New Directions in Studying
the History of the U.S. Congress, ed. by Mathew McCubbins and
David Brady. Stanford, CA: University of Stanford Press, 2000 (With Nolan
M. McCarty and Howard Rosenthal).
"Non-Parametric Unfolding of Binary Choice Data." Political
Analysis, 8:211-237, 2000.
"James J. Hill." Forthcoming in Encyclopedia of the Great Plains,
ed. by David J. Wishart. Lincoln, Neb.: University of Nebraska Press,
"NOMINATE: A Short Intellectual History." The Political Methodologist,
"The Dynamics of Interest Group Evaluations of Congress." Public
Choice, 97: 323-361, 1999. Reprinted in Melvin J. Hinich
and Michael C. Munger, editors, Empirical Studies in Comparative
Politics. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers (With Howard Rosenthal).
"An Empirical Spatial Model of
Analysis, 7:1-30, 1998 (with Nolan M. McCarty).
"Recovering a Basic Space From a Set
of Issue Scales."American
Journal of Political Science, 42, August 1998, 954-993.
"Does High Income Promote Democracy?"World Politics,
49, October 1996, 1-30 (with John Londregan).
"Are Legislators The
Agents of Constituents or Ideologues?".
European Economic Review, 40, 1996, 707-717 (with Howard
"Veto Power and Legislation: An Empirical Analysis of Executive
and Legislative Bargaining from 1961-1986." Journal of Law,
Economics, and Organization, 11, 1995, 282-312 (with Nolan M.
"Congress and Railroad Regulation:
1874-87." In The Regulated
Economy: An Historical Approach to Political Economy, ed. by Claudia
Goldin and Gary D. Libecap. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994
(With Howard Rosenthal).
"Dimensional Simplification and Economic Theories of Legislative
Behavior."Economics and Politics, 6, 1994, 163-172
(with Howard Rosenthal).
Analysis of Winning and Losing Motions in the U.S. Senate
1979-1981."Public Choice, 78, January 1994, 23-41
(with Richard Smith).
"The Enduring 19th Century Battle for Economic Regulation: The Interstate
Commerce Act Revisited."Journal of Law and Economics,
36, 1993, 837-860 (with Howard Rosenthal).
"Ideology, Shirking, and
77, September 1993, 185-196 (with Thomas Romer).
"Spatial Realignment and the Mapping of Issues in American History:
The Evidence from Roll Call Voting." In Agenda Formation,
ed. by William H. Riker. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1993
(With Howard Rosenthal).
"The Directional and Euclidean Theories of Voting Behavior: A Legislative
Comparison."Legislative Studies Quarterly, 17, 1992,
561-572 (With Glenn Platt and Howard Rosenthal).
"Evaluating Dimensionality in Spatial Voting Models."Mathematical
and Computer Modeling, 16, 1992, 85-101 (With Fallaw B. Sowell
and Stephen E. Spear).
"The Seizure of Executive Power and Economic Growth: Some Additional
Evidence."Political Economy, Growth, and Business Cycles,
ed. by Alex Cukierman, Zvi Hersowitz, and Leonardo Leiderman. Cambridge:
MIT Press, 1992 (With John Londregan).
Roll Call Votes in the U.S. Congress." American Political Science Review, 85, 1991, 955-960 (with
Mapping of Minimum Wage Legislation,"Politics
and Economics in the Eighties, ed. by Alberto Alesina and Geoffney
Carliner. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991 (With Howard Rosenthal).
"Patterns of Congressional Voting."American Journal
of Political Science, 35, 1991, 228-78 (With Howard Rosenthal).
the Coup Trap, and the Seizure of Executive Power." World Politics, 62, 1990, 151-183 (With John Londregan).
"Least Squares Metric, Unidimensional Scaling of Multivariate Linear Models." Psychometrika, 55, 1990, 123-149.
"Political Realignment in American History: Results from a Spatial
Scaling of the Congressional Roll Call Record."Science at
the John Von Neumann National Computing Center, Annual Research Report,
Fiscal 1988, 1989, 149-154 (With Howard Rosenthal).
"Roll Call Voting in Congress, 1789-1985: Spatial Models and the
Historical Record."Science at the John Von Neumann National
Computing Center, Annual Research Report, Fiscal 1987, 1988, 111-116
(With Howard Rosenthal).
"Recent Developments in Analytical Models of Roll-Call Voting in
the U.S. Congress."Legislative Studies Quarterly,
13, 1988, 117-133.
Preferences of Political Action Committees." American Economic Review, 77, 1987, 298-302 (With Tom Romer
and Howard Rosenthal).
"Analysis of Congressional
Coalition Patterns: A Unidimensional
Spatial Model."Legislative Studies Quarterly, 12,
1987, 55-75 (with Howard Rosenthal).
"The Relationship Between Information, Ideology, and Voting Behavior." American Journal of Political Science, 31, 1987, 511-530
(with Thomas R. Palfrey).
"The Regional Realignment of Congress, 1919-1984."The
Politics of Realignment: Partisan Change in the Mountain West,
ed. by Peter Galderisi, Michael Lyons, Randy Simmons, and John Francis.
Boulder: Westview Press, 1987 (With Howard Rosenthal).
"The Political Economy of Roll Call Voting in the Multi-Party Congress
of the United States."European Journal of Political Economy,
1, 1985, 45-58. Reprinted in M. Holler, ed., The Logic of Multiparty
Systems, Wuerburg: Springer-Verlag, 1987 (With Howard Rosenthal).
"Patterns of Political Action Committee Contributions to the 1980
Campaigns For the U.S. House of Representatives."Public Choice,
47, 1985, 63-111 (With Thomas Romer).
"Ideology, Party, and Voting in the U.S. Congress."American
Political Science Review, June, 1985, 373-399 (with R. Steven
"A Spatial Model For Legislative Roll Call Analysis."American
Journal of Political Science, May 1985, 357-384 (With Howard Rosenthal).
"The Polarization of American Politics."Journal of Politics,
December 1984, 1061-1079 (With Howard Rosenthal).
"Least Squares Metric, Unidimensional Unfolding."Psychometrika,
September 1984, 311-323.
"U.S. Presidential Elections 1968-1980: A Spatial Analysis." American Journal of Political Science, February 1984, 282-312
(With Howard Rosenthal).
"The Diffusion of Feminist Ideology."Political Behavior,
December 1981, 229-256 (With L. Harmon Zeigler).
"Dimensions of Interest Group Evaluation of the U.S. Senate 1969-1978."American Journal of Political Science, February 1981, 49-67.
"Political Polarization and Income Inequality."
Working Paper, Princeton University, January 2003 (With Nolan M. McCarty
and Howard Rosenthal).
"Measuring Group Differences in Roll Call Voting."
Working Paper, University of Houston, August 2002 (With Gary W. Cox).
"Non-Parametric Analysis of Binary Choice Data." GSIA Working
Paper 1997-05, June, 1997.
"Political Geography and Congressional Voting." GSIA Working
Paper 1997-10, March, 1995 (With Nolan M. McCarty).
"Poverty and Post-Coup Rule: Assessing the Vicious Circle."
June, 1994 (With John B. Londregan).
"Statistical Properties of Metric Unidimensional Scaling."
GSIA Working Paper #88-89-94 (With Stephen E. Spear).
"Color Animation of
Dynamic Congressional Voting Models." GSIA
Working Paper #64-88-89 (With Howard Rosenthal).
"The Unidimensional Congress, 1919-84." GSIA Working Paper
44-84-85 (With Howard Rosenthal).
"Extremism and Intensity In Congressional Voting." GSIA Working
Paper 33-83-84 (With Howard Rosenthal).
computer animated videos
Political Action Committees (with Howard Rosenthal) 1988
Nominate: The Senate Movie (with Howard Rosenthal) 1989
Nominate: The House Movie (with Howard Rosenthal) 1989
Regional Distributions (with Howard Rosenthal) 1989
VOTEVIEW (with Howard Rosenthal), a relational database with display
of roll call voting patterns in geographic and ideological spaces.
Courses Taught (at University of California, San Diego):
POLI 279: Measurement Theory
POLI 100C: Political Parties
POLI 100B: Congress
POLI 100E: Interest Group Politics
POLI 100K: Railroads and American Politics
Courses Taught (at University of San Diego Law School):
Understanding Science and Scientific Methods: An Overview for Lawyers
Courses Taught (at University of Houston):
Advanced Multivariate Statistics
Railroads and American Politics
Courses Taught (at GSIA):
Probability and Statistics I (45-730/731)
Probability and Statistics II (45-733/734)
Entrepreneurs and American Economic Growth (45-899)
Railroads, The First Big Business (45-947)
American Economic History (73-476)
Applied Multivariate Statistics for Marketing (45-830)
Political Economy of Public Institutions (73-356)
Applied Project in Empirical Finance (45-910)
Regulatory Politics (45-941)
Courses Taught (at the California Institute of Technology):
The History of the Political Economy of American Political Parties (PS
American Electoral Behavior and Party Strategy (PS 120)
Congressional Policy Formation and Legislative Process (PS 121)
Courses Taught (at the University of Oregon):
Problems in American Politics
Multivariate Methods for Political Science
Elections and Opinions
Multidimensional Scaling Methods
Logic of Political Inquiry
contract and grant support
NSF Grants 1982 - 1988, 1998 - 2000, 2006 - 2008
Supercomputer Grants at the San Diego Center, 2005-2008
Center for Political Economy 1993-1994
Carnegie-Bosch Foundation 1990-1992
Supercomputer Grants at the Pittsburgh Center, 1988-1992
Supercomputer Grants at the John von Neumann Center, 1988-1990
Supercomputer Grants at Purdue University, 1985-1988
Member, Dean's Task Force on Information Technology (AY 00-01, UH)
Member, Bio-Technology and Health Policy Task Force (AY 98-99)
Member, University Tenure Committee (AY 96-97)
Member, Computer and Network Planning Committee (1989)
Chair, GSIA Doctoral Program, 1987-1988 (Associate Dean rank)
Chair, Faculty Senate Computing Advisory Committee (AY 87-88)
Member, Editorial Board, Legislative Studies Quarterly,
Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Politics,
Member, Editorial Board, American Journal of Political Science,
Member, Editorial Board, Social Science Quarterly, 1998
- to date.